Robotics and AI are making the most complex jobs easy for humans. With growing technology, it’s bringing the confidence in using them, to accomplish some of the most critical tasks, repetitively with easy and near perfection. Continuous research and development in AI are making robots more adaptive to changing environment and understand human behavior. Large corporations and MNCs are now investing in AI and Robotics to stay ahead in technology across sectors. Medicine and healthcare, is one such field, which is now a major market to adopt this new technology in treating some of the most difficult cases.
Hi- Tech Robots performing complex operations
In Medicine and healthcare, robotics are revolutionizing the treatment of human diseases. With a wide range of health apps helping and guiding us to say fit, robots are now designed to take care of patients as nurses, perform critical surgeries by doctors sitting on live simulators to control mounted robotic arms, cameras and sensors, from any part of the world.
‘Da vinci surgery’ is a kind of robot assisted surgery, which helps doctors’ remove prostate cancer with minimal invasion and a 3D enlarged view of the affected area, which helps in perfect alignment of the medical instruments. Such advanced technology has also proven effective in performing complex urological, gynecological, cardiothoracic and general surgical procedures. With near perfection and no involvement of human errors, robotic surgeries allow patients to leave hospitals early. On the other hand, it has enabled surgeons to have better control and focus during the operations. Today, we can see a whole range of successful surgeries performed by robots, some of the most complex ones include – pancreatectomy, coronary artery bypass graft, mitral valve, oesophagetomy, lung resection, tumor resection, heart surgery, cancer surgery, etc.
Exoskeletons helping differently abled to become especially abled
Exoskeletons are no more movie fiction, they are now real, with devices helping injured and paralyzed patients to walk, lift or perform most of the everyday activities without depending on a person and also keeping a track of their health condition. Companies like Honda, Mitsubishi, and Toyota are now investing towards the research and development of wearable exoskeletons to help patients with amputated arms, legs or injured spinal cord to move, sit, stand, swing, walk or climb, at affordable prices. Researchers are also experimenting with microbots which can be released inside human body, it can travel through the body fluids to reach the target area to be treated.
Robotics arms and legs are now replacing traditional prosthetics, which can trap and translate the patients’ nerves and brain signals. Complex algorithms can identify muscle reflexes, which allows different body parts to communicate with each other. This has paved the way for the first ever ‘Cybathlon’, which both for contestants using robotic prosthetics and companies manufacturing them, paving the way for open research and development of much more advanced and durable technology.
With the medical robots market size reaching $17 billion by 2023 and robots designed to understand human emotions and touch, it’s not a distant dream, when they will have a much larger involvement in the healthcare industry, without no or minimum human intervention.
However, like most sectors, the debate about loss of workforce, high cost of technology and comparison of AI with human intelligence, still persists, which leaves a huge space for researchers to make the world better with automation. There will however be some skills, which will be irreplaceable in near future.
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